Annotated Bibliography

Works Cited
  • Carnochan, W. B. “”The Minister’s Black Veil”: Symbol, Meaning, and the Context of Hawthorne’s Art.” Nineteenth-Century Fiction 24.2 (Sept., 1969): 182-192. Print.

“Her plea that Hooper take off the veil and reveal his secret to her is a sympathetic one; probably it is her presence that accounts for the view of Hooper as a malevolent spirit: “As his plighted wife, it should be her privilege to know what the black veil concealed.” The scene that follows between Elizabeth and Hooper is a strange one, however. To her request that he “lift the veil but once,” he answers that it cannot be. The feeling aimed at seems to be that the veil in literal fact cannot be removed;”

This article by Carnochan focused on the main theme of the story, which is the black veil. He also broke down some events that relate to the veil, like the different interpretations that townspeople had as to why the minister was wearing the veil, and Elizabeth leaving Mr. Hooper after asking him to remove the veil.
I like how Carnochan thinks about how the townspeople would view the minister, and what conclusions they’d jump to, based off what they know about him. The townspeople want to know why the minister is wearing the veil, so they think that it’s wierd that Elizabeth, of all people, doesn’t know why. Elizabeth never asked Mr. Hooper why he wore the veil before the townspeople’s rumors got to her. She then asks and seems to understand his answer, but still simply asks him to lift the veil once. The minister says that he cannot remove the veil, and I had the same feeling that Carnochan did when he said that “The feeling aimed at seems to be that the veil in literal fact cannot be removed.” The veil that the minister is wearing is the literal and metaphorical veil and the minister wears it for his own personal reasons.
  • Santangelo, G. A. “The absurdity of “The Minister’s Black Veil.”” Vol. 5. Pacific Ancient and Modern Language Association, April 1970. Print.
“The veil covers his face and metaphorically hides the true self. … The black veil forces him to see everything in darkness, certainly a single vision. But Father Hooper, always with a sad smile, sees the world as black because that is the way it is, not in hate or contempt, but black as a necessary condition of mankind which he understands and wishes to alleviate. So the black veil gives him a different vision of the world but does not turn him into a daemonic, isolated, bitter malcontent. The isolation is meant to be creative in Hooper, not negative: it represents an attempt to establish a self that is honest, has some total and true relationship with the human moral condition, and acts as an example to others of what they might be.”
Santangelo explains what the black veil is metaphorically hiding and looks at how the black veil gives the minister a different, darker view of the world. I like Santangelos idea on Mr. Hooper’s isolation. The minister did create his honest, deeply moral, and true self while wearing the black veil. This is shown very well in the annotated paragraph that I analyzed.
  • Cochran, Robert W. “Hawthorne’s Choice: The Veil or the jaundiced Eye.” 23.5 College English, Feb., 1962. Print.

“Unlike Goodman Brown, Father Hooper profits from his vision: he becomes more understanding of human frailty than he was before he learned his lessen and donned the veil. This increased compassion and pity is the product of Mr. Hooper’s sharpened awareness that the black veil covers all faces, including even the Earth’s face. Thus Hooper’s isolation is different from other men’s only in degree-in intensity-and not in kind.”

In Cochran’s analysis of two of Hawthorne’s short stories, he analyzes the minister’s changed outlook. Since wearing the veil, he has become more compassionate, even spilling his heart out to Elizabeth when she tries to understand him. She doesn’t seem convinced that the minister is mourning, or she wouldn’t have left.  Cochran also brings up the minister’s isolation from everyone since putting on the veil. In the minister’s eyes, everyone wears a veil over their true self, but since the minister is actually wearing a veil, many people are fearful because the veil reminds them of their sins, while other’s are afraid of what the minister could have done to feel such guilt to hide his face.
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One Response to “Annotated Bibliography”

  1.   Buy cheap facebook likeson 21 Dec 2013 at 12:50 PM 1

    Hi to all, the contents present at this site are in fact remarkable for people knowledge,
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